There is a growing concern that the decline in pollinators spells problems for humans. However, there is debate as to what causes decline in e.g. bee populations. What modifications to environment, introduced by humans, cause death and misbehavior of bees. Many claim that pesticides are to blame. Many, afraid to be called foil-hats, are afraid to say that EMF might be involved too.
Just published study from Italy has demonstrated that pesticides alone are not good for bees but that pesticides combined with ELF-EMF from power line is even worse, the multi-stressors environment:
Lupi et al., Combined Effects of Pesticides and Electromagnetic-Fields on Honeybees: Multi-Stress Exposure, Insects 2021, 12(8), 716; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12080716
Researchers examined bee colonies for 1 year. All bees derived from the same pool. The hives were located in the same large industrial orchard where all bees were exposed to the same pesticides. However, only part of the hives was located in area exposed to power-line ELF-EMF.
Multiple tests of bee death, behavior, diseases and biochemical stress markers were tediously and in-depth examined.
The result of the study was:
“This research evidenced that both stress (chemical and electromagnetic) caused negative impacts on exposed colonies, due to disease appearance (American foulbrood), mortality in the underbaskets and behavioral alterations (queen changes, excess of drone brood deposition and honey storage). In detail, the mortality in the underbaskets appeared to be more related to the chemical-stress site while most of the behavioral alterations appeared only in the multi-stress one.”
In simple terms, it looks like pesticides kill bees whereas pesticides + EMF cause behavioral changes.
Not good news for humans and for the rest of fauna kingdom that eats what plants produce…